By Emmanuel Todd, Youssef Courbage
We are advised that Western/Christian and Muslim/Arab civilizations are heading in the direction of inevitable clash. The demographics of the West stay slow, whereas the inhabitants of the Muslim international explodes, widening the cultural hole and all yet making certain the outbreak of warfare. Leaving apart the media's sound and fury in this factor, measured research exhibits one other truth taking form: rapprochement among those civilizations, taking advantage of a common move with roots within the Enlightenment.
The old and geographical sweep of this booklet discredits the inspiration of a particular Islamic demography. the variety of fertility between Muslim ladies, for instance, is as diversified as spiritual habit between Muslims quite often. no matter if agnostics, fundamentalist Salafis, or al-Qaeda activists, Muslims are a various workforce that turn out the range and individuality of Islam. Youssef Courbage and Emmanuel Todd examine various levels of literacy, patriarchy, and shielding reactions between minority Muslim populations, underscoring the unfold of huge secularization during the Arab and Muslim international.
In this regard, they argue, there's little or no to tell apart the evolution of Islam from the background of Christianity, specifically with Muslims now getting into a world modernity. delicate to demographic variables and their mirrored image of private and social truths, Courbage and Todd upend a deadly meme: that we are living in a fractured international just about problem, being affected by an endemic of closed cultures and minds made diversified by way of religion.
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Additional info for A Convergence of Civilizations: The Transformation of Muslim Societies Around the World
It is therefore not at all necessary to speculate about some particular essence of Islam in order to explain the violence now stirring the Muslim world. That world is disoriented because it is undergoing the shock of the revolution in modes of thought associated with increased literacy and widespread birth control. In a certain number of non-Muslim countries that have experienced similar revolutions, one can observe massive political disturbances, sometimes more intense than anything seen in the Islamic world.
Punjabi-speaking populations living on either side of the border between Pakistan and India are radically endogamous where Islam won out, but completely exogamous in areas of Sikh or Hindu religion. Psychological and Ideological Implications of Endogamy The traditional Arab family is thus patrilocal and endogamous. It is a closed and warm-hearted system and extraordinarily resistant. Monographs that describe life and sentiments in local communities show the degree to which the system is not experienced as restrictive.
Islamism and Forecasting the Future If one recognizes the dark side of the modernization brought forward by literacy, then one is able to understand the past, avoid mistakes in interpreting the present, and even get a grasp on the future. We can identify countries where the transition is under way and entertain the hypothesis of a zone of risk that has not yet been crossed. But we can also sometimes establish the fact that, despite troubling ideological and religious appearances, one or another country has already gone through the zone of maximum risk some time ago and that, although not completely absent, the potential for political disturbances is not as high as is commonly thought.
A Convergence of Civilizations: The Transformation of Muslim Societies Around the World by Emmanuel Todd, Youssef Courbage