Download PDF by Philip Carr: A Glossary of Phonology (Glossaries in Linguistics)

By Philip Carr

ISBN-10: 074862404X

ISBN-13: 9780748624041

This pocket-sized alphabetical advisor introduces the variety of phenomena studied in phonology and the most theoretical frameworks for conducting phonological research. The entries are a concise and transparent evaluation of 1 of the most components in linguistic research.

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It is often opposed to abstract. The distinction is closely related to the difficult problem of the possible distinction between phonology and phonetics. See realisation. Connectionism see neural nets consonant Consonants are a subset of the set of human speech sounds. Consonants are produced with three different degrees of stricture: complete closure, close approximation and open approximation. Consonants can be defined in terms of their position in syllable structure; they usually occupy the onset and coda positions, whereas vowels occupy the head of the nucleus position in a syllable (but see syllabic consonants).

Extrasyllabicity One or more segments are said to be extrasyllabic if they are not integrated into syllable structure. The floating consonants which participate in Liaison in French are often said to be extrasyllabic. F fake geminate see geminate falling diphthong a diphthong in which the most prominent element is the first one, as in English [aυ] (sometimes transcribed [aw]), where the off-glide [w] is less A GLOSSARY OF PHONOLOGY 53 prominent than the [a]. The most prominent element is often referred to as the head of the diphthong.

In the history of French, vowel + /s/ + consonant sequences underwent elision of the /s/ and compensatory lengthening of the preceding vowel, as in the transition from Old French beste (‘beast’), pronounced [bεstə], to a later form with an elided /s/ and a lengthened /ε/: [bε:tə], reflected in the present-day spelling bête, where the circumflex historically marked the length of the vowel. competence A term associated with the work of Noam Chomsky and thus widely used in generative linguistics. It designates a speaker’s linguistic knowledge, as opposed to the use of that knowledge.

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A Glossary of Phonology (Glossaries in Linguistics) by Philip Carr

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