Read e-book online A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics PDF

By Alan Cruse

ISBN-10: 0748624058

ISBN-13: 9780748624058

This easy-to-use consultant illuminates key ideas and phrases in semantics and pragmatics and the learn of which means because it is conveyed via language.

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A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics by Alan Cruse PDF

This easy-to-use consultant illuminates key options and phrases in semantics and pragmatics and the examine of which means because it is conveyed via language.

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Extra info for A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics

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Is not considered elliptical. emergent meaning encoding idiom see under blending (conceptual) see under idiom encyclopaedic knowledge see under dictionary meaning vs encyclopaedic meaning entailment A logical relation between propositions. A proposition P entails a proposition Q, if and only if the truth of Q follows inescapably from the truth of P. For 793 02 pages 001-202 31/3/06 10:19 Page 55 A GLOSSARY OF SEMANTICS AND PRAGMATICS 55 instance, if P is ‘Pete killed the wasp’ and Q is ‘The wasp died’, then if P is true, Q must also be true, and if Q is false, P must also be false.

They carry expressive meaning (they may also have propositional meaning). 2. They contribute to, or emphasise coherence relations in discourse. 3. They act as constraints on relevance. ) discrete vs continuous signs Continuous signs can vary in a gradual way along at least one dimension, and each 793 02 pages 001-202 52 31/3/06 10:19 Page 52 A GLOSSARY OF SEMANTICS AND PRAGMATICS perceptible change entails a meaning change. Take the case of a smile. This can vary in ‘breadth’ from the merest hint of a smile to a broad grin, and all the intermediate stages indicate a particular degree of amusement (or whatever).

Indonesian has three commonly used classifiers, illustrated below (from Frawley): seorang one Human ‘one student’ seekor one Animal ‘one horse’ sebuah one Inanimate ‘one book’ mahasiswa student kuda horse buku book Some languages have a large number of classifiers. Japanese, for instance, has separate classifiers for aeroplanes, small boats, large boats, train coaches, buildings, schools, and houses, among many others. clausal implicatures see under generalised vs particularised conversational implicatures 793 02 pages 001-202 31/3/06 10:19 Page 25 A GLOSSARY OF SEMANTICS AND PRAGMATICS 25 cliché The definition of this in the Longman Dictionary of the English Language is: “a hackneyed phrase or expression”.

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A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics by Alan Cruse


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