By Paul Lennon
This corpus-based examine of allusions within the British press exhibits the diversity of objectives reporters allude to - from Shakespeare to television soaps, from Jane Austen to Hillary Clinton, from hymns to nursery rhymes, proverbs and riddles. It analyzes the linguistic varieties allusions take and demonstrates how allusions functionality meaningfully in discourse. It explores the character of the historical past cultural and intertextual wisdom allusions call for of readers and units out the processing levels serious about figuring out an allusion. Allusion is built-in into latest theories of oblique language and associated with idioms, wordplay and metaphor.
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Additional info for Allusions in the Press: An Applied Linguistic Study
Objections to the Standard Pragmatic Model 37 The Grice-Searle model is sometimes referred to as the Standard Pragmatic Model. It assumes that literal meaning is primary, that figurative interpretation can be inferred on the basis of context and that understanding of figurative language is more effortful than understanding of literal language and involves more steps (Gibbs 1994: 83–84). 5. Objections to the Standard Pragmatic Model Since Grice (1975) and Searle (1993) most scholars have accepted the principle that linguistic communication (and not just conversation) is governed by a principle of assumed co-operation, but there have been many objections to the idea that indirect language derives from flouting a maxim and that figurative meaning is understood only after literal meaning has been rejected as implausible.
95: 6–7, headline), both of which allude to “the winter of our discontent”. However, not all occupants of this slot would achieve an allusion, since it is the semantic relation between “winter” and “summer” which is important. For example “the time of discontent” is unlikely to be perceived as allusive. Yet it would be impossible to specify in general which possible fillers are allusively acceptable. 12). Yet the allusiveness of this is placed beyond doubt by the immediate co-text “…and it occurs to me that if he [an estate agent who has been reducing house prices because of low demand] needs a slogan he should look no further than Shakespeare’s King Richard III Act 1, Scene 1…”.
Ambiguity at the sentence level is resolved by the linguistic context (co-text) and by the context of situation (Malinowski 1923). Firth (1957: 182–183) suggested the following relevant contextual categories: 1. The relevant features of the participants (i) the verbal action of the participants (ii) the non-verbal action of the participants 2. The relevant objects 3. The effects of the verbal action Halliday argues that context is to be thought of not as a sort of audio-visual record in terms of “props”, but rather as an abstract representation of the environment in terms of certain general relevant categories.
Allusions in the Press: An Applied Linguistic Study by Paul Lennon