New PDF release: An Introduction to Jewish-Christian Relations

By Edward Kessler

ISBN-10: 0521705622

ISBN-13: 9780521705622

ISBN-10: 0521879760

ISBN-13: 9780521879767

Kin among Christians and Jews during the last thousand years were characterized to a superb quantity by means of mutual mistrust and by way of Christian discrimination and violence opposed to Jews. In contemporary a long time, notwithstanding, a brand new spirit of discussion has been rising, starting with an awakening between Christians of the Jewish origins of Christianity, and inspiring students of either traditions to interact. An advent to Jewish-Christian family sheds clean mild in this ongoing interfaith come upon, exploring key writings and subject matters in Jewish-Christian heritage, from the Jewish context of the hot testomony to significant occasions of recent occasions, together with the increase of ecumenism, the horrors of the Holocaust, and the production of the nation of Israel. This obtainable theological and historic examine additionally touches on quite a few comparable components akin to Jewish and interfaith stories, philosophy, sociology, cultural reviews, diplomacy and the political sciences

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The Gospels never mention the Essenes, although the Dead Sea Scrolls (which originate from the Essene community) parallel some of the teachings of John the Baptist, who was executed by Herod’s son Antipas (c.  bce–c.  ce), the Tetrarch of Galilee, either because John condemned his incestuous marriage (so the Gospels) or as a preemptive strike against John’s popularity (so Josephus). Parallel teachings include the proximity of the Final Judgement and the symbolic use of ablutions to depict (re)turning from sin.

For example, Josephus, a priest, was a Pharisee. The Sadducees were associated with worship at the Temple in Jerusalem and collaborated with Greek and then Roman rule. The Pharisees were the only Jewish group – other than the Jewish followers of Jesus – to survive the effects of the disastrous Jewish rebellion against Rome. After the Temple was destroyed, they began to reconstruct Jewish faith and so became known as the fathers of Rabbinic Judaism. Their origin is obscure but they seem to have placed a heavy emphasis on the Oral Torah, as well as the Written Torah, and developed interpretations that ordinary people could observe in whatever context they lived.

Jesus is a new Adam (Rom. :–)) and the template through which the Old was to be interpreted. jesus the jew Biblical scholars have spent an impressive amount of energy on the study of the historical Jesus and much of it in the last couple of decades has revolved around the Jewishness of Jesus. The identity of Jesus needs to be dealt with in the study of Jewish–Christian relations because by definition Christians must take a different position than do Jews. The cleavage between Jews and Christians is determined by the fact that Christians accept Jesus as God’s Messiah while Jews do not.

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An Introduction to Jewish-Christian Relations by Edward Kessler

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